Facts About

Obesity and Bariatric Surgery

  1. Definition: Obesity is a medical condition characterized by an excess accumulation of body fat, often measured by a high body mass index (BMI).

  2. Prevalence: Obesity has been on the rise worldwide, with over 2 billion adults estimated to be overweight in 2016, and over 650 million considered obese.

  3. Health Risks: Obesity is associated with various health risks, including an increased likelihood of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, certain types of cancer, musculoskeletal disorders, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and more.

  4. Contributing Factors: Genetics, poor dietary habits, lack of physical activity, and environmental factors contribute to obesity.

  5. Childhood Obesity: Childhood obesity is a significant concern, affecting millions of children and potentially leading to lifelong health issues. Approximately 38 million children under the age of five were overweight or obese in 2020.

  6. Economic Impact: Obesity places a substantial economic burden on healthcare systems due to its associated illnesses.

  7. Prevention and Treatment: Lifestyle changes such as adopting a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical activity, and medical interventions like weight loss surgery are common approaches to preventing and managing obesity.

  8. Psychological Effects: Obesity can have psychological consequences, including low self-esteem, depression, and anxiety.

  9. Social Stigma: Obesity is associated with social stigma, leading to discrimination and bias in various aspects of life, including employment and education.

  10. Public Health Initiatives: Governments and organizations worldwide have launched public health campaigns to raise awareness about obesity and promote healthier lifestyles.

  11. Life Expectancy: Obesity can significantly reduce life expectancy, with several years less for severely obese individuals.

  12. Diabetes Connection: Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes, often due to insulin resistance.

  13. Insulin Resistance: Obesity-related insulin resistance impairs the body's ability to regulate blood sugar, leading to elevated levels over time.

  14. Type 2 Diabetes: Prolonged high blood sugar levels can eventually lead to type 2 diabetes, with complications including heart disease, kidney disease, vision problems, and nerve damage.

  15. Dual Health Impact: Obesity and type 2 diabetes coexistence can exacerbate health risks, increasing the likelihood of cardiovascular events and complications.

  16. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): Obesity is a significant risk factor for OSA, a condition where breathing is repeatedly interrupted during sleep. OSA can lead to daytime fatigue and other health problems.

  17. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Obesity is often linked to PCOS, a hormonal disorder in women that can lead to irregular menstrual cycles, fertility issues, and other health concerns.

  18. Heart Disease: Obesity is a leading risk factor for heart disease, including conditions like hypertension, coronary artery disease, and congestive heart failure.

  19. Cancer Due to Obesity: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of certain cancers, including breast, colon, and endometrial cancers.

  20. Bariatric and Metabolic Surgery: Bariatric surgery, such as gastric bypass or gastric sleeve surgery, is a treatment option for severe obesity. It can lead to significant weight loss and improved health outcomes. Metabolic surgery, which includes procedures like gastric bypass, can also help manage type 2 diabetes.

  • Gastric Bypass

    Gold standard
  • Sleeve Gastrecomy

  • Mini Gastric byapss

  • Revision Bariatric surgery