Initial Consultation: The patient begins their journey by scheduling an initial consultation with a healthcare provider or bariatric surgeon to discuss their weight loss goals and assess their eligibility for bariatric surgery.
Patient Assessment: During this stage, the patient's medical history, current health status, and weight-related issues are evaluated. Various tests and screenings may be conducted.
Medical Evaluation: The patient undergoes medical evaluations by different specialists to ensure they are physically fit for surgery. This may include cardiology, pulmonology, and endocrinology assessments.
Educational Counseling: Patients receive education about the different types of bariatric surgery options, their risks, benefits, and expected outcomes.
Behavioral Counseling: Counseling is provided to address psychological and behavioral factors related to obesity and to prepare the patient for the lifestyle changes required post-surgery.
Surgical Evaluation: The healthcare team, in consultation with the patient, determines the most suitable type of bariatric surgery based on individual factors like BMI, medical history, and lifestyle.
Preoperative Preparation: This stage involves pre-operative preparations, including a special diet plan, exercise recommendations, and emotional support.
Surgery: The chosen bariatric surgery is performed as scheduled. Common types include gastric bypass, gastric sleeve, and more.
Postoperative Care: Patients spend time in the hospital for recovery and monitoring after surgery. The transition from liquids to solid foods begins, guided by a dietitian.
Long-Term Lifestyle Changes: Patients are encouraged to maintain a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet, exercise, and behavior changes to support weight loss and overall health.
Monitoring and Maintenance: Patients are monitored for nutritional deficiencies, complications, and long-term progress. Regular follow-up care is essential.